Marine Cargo Handling
Cargo must be placed properly onto vessels to keep them seaworthy. Heavy items should be placed on board so that weight is properly distributed. This means that the workers need to shuffle and move cargo to put it in the optimal place. Operating the crane and other equipment requires training and accidents can happen. The workers on the deck and dock can help guide the cargo into place. If the equipment malfunctions or a mistake is made, the load could fall or hit into someone.
The Dangers of Cargo Handling
There are many types of cargo that need to be carried by vessel. There are various methods used to handle different types of shipments. Cranes and specialized lifting equipment are necessary to properly place or remove shipments from a vessel. Cranes and other heavy machinery can pose potential dangers to workers. Once the cargo is placed on board, it must be moved into position to ensure seaworthiness of the ship.
Workers are in danger of being hit with heavy loads, getting crushed by falling cargo, falling, getting hurt by forklifts or handling equipment and being hurt in dock accidents. Shipments might be improperly secured and could split apart. Equipment may fail, or cables could break causing cargo to drop. Poor weather or water conditions could add to the dangers. If the ship suddenly moves or there is a strong wind, it can make it difficult to control the load, and an accident may result. Dock workers could fall or be pushed while working with shipment loading and unloading.
Injuries Due to Cargo Accidents
The mishandling of shipments can result in serious injuries. Back injuries occur when workers try to assist with loads that are too heavy or when helping when there are problems controlling a shipment. Head and neck injuries could occur when being hit with falling or moving items, especially when they are heavy. Head trauma is among the most serious of the injuries because it may result in significant and long-term disabilities. Less severe injuries include broken bones, contusions, lacerations, and sprains.
Crushing injuries may happen when a load falls onto a worker or when a worker is pushed against the wall or other items by a heavy shipment. This may happen when the load becomes uncontrollable, and the worker cannot get out of the way. Crushing injuries can cause internal injuries as well as head and back trauma. If the load completely crushes the worker, it could result in a fatality.
Injuries to employees who move shipments can be avoided. The company must put safety practices in place that protect employees from getting hurt. Safe operation of equipment includes making sure that it works correctly and is regularly maintained. Before starting work, an inspection should be completed to ensure that the area is safe. Employees should be trained on the use of all types of equipment they use. Methods need to be in place to allow adequate communication between workers. If the company fails to take the proper safety precautions or provides equipment that is not safe, they could be found negligent if an accident occurs.