Glossary of Maritime Laws
To help you understand specific terms of the law and how they may apply to your situation we’ve compiled a glossary of maritime terms and laws for your review.
- Admiralty – refers to maritime law and the courts that have jurisdiction over those laws.
- Admiralty Jurisdiction Extension Act – law that extended the jurisdiction of admiralty courts to cover damage and injury cases caused on land by a vessel.
- Allison – a moving vessel that strikes a stationary object
- Crewmember – any person whose primary duty is to further the function of the vessel
- Defense Base Act – an extension of the Longshore and Harbor Worker’s Compensation act that protects the rights of civilians working for the U.S. in foreign lands
- Jones Act – federal law that protects the rights of seamen and provides an avenue for them to seek compensation for injuries caused by negligence.
- Longshoremen – maritime workers that based on land and generally employed in ports, docks, and terminals, to load and offload, break, repair, or build vessels.
- Operator – the agency, company, or business that is responsible for the day-to-day operations of a vessel.
- Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (OSCLA) – federal law that gives maritime courts jurisdiction of submerged lands of the outer continental shelf and the accidents and injuries that may be suffered by maritime workers.
- Seaman – any member of a vessel’s crew or labor who contributes to the purpose and function of that vessel.
- Unseaworthy – a vessel that is not properly serviced or reasonably fit for its purpose, or crew members that are not properly trained to perform their duties on or for the vessel.
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